Sessions & Abstracts

Session 16: Design Technologies

16.05.2019  |  Time: 10:00-13:00  |  NUUz, Tashkent  |  Conference Room 408, Block C

Coordinator: Dr. Yael Eylat Van Essen (HIT)



Our current reality is intensely influenced by the technological and scientific developments that have dramatically transformed our life patterns and the ways in which we conduct in the world. This new emerging reality, re-defines the basic concepts of existence in the world, the modes of communication between humans and with non-humans, and the manners in which man operates in regards to our planet. In this state of affairs, the designer has to meet the new challenges posed by the changing conditions, acknowledging his responsibility for their potential consequences. The design profession can no longer be based, as in the past, on clear disciplinary divisions, and is requires to operate in a research space that converge diverse fields of knowledge. It requires having a systemic view of design that can incorporate the complexities of interdisciplinary ways of thinking and operating. The Design Technologies panel will introduce new design concepts based on new approach in contemporary design, based among others on artificial intelligence, generative processes, rapid prototyping and artificial life applications.



Designing in the Digital Era – Dr. Yael Eylat Van Essen


This lecture will focus on the influence of new technologies on contemporary design practices such as: generative design and artificial intelligence, rapid prototyping techniques, parametric design and new material research. It will refer to the new ways designers operate in a networked world in different scales; from the scale of the atom to the scale of entire cities and large ecologies.



Cultural Heritage National Database Management System – Mrs. Tony Levy





The mazars of the Sufi sheikhs of the first half of the XVth century as an object of tourism – Muhammadihon Buzrukov


In the first half of the 15th century, Sufi sheikhs of various fraternities acted in the Timurid state. The activities of many of them were associated with the capital city of Samarkand. As evidenced by the shrines that have come down to our days, which are associated with the name and sheikhs of that era. For example, the shrine “Tallak-ata”, located in the Shavdar district of the Samarkand region is associated with the name Nizam ad-Din Hamush; The shrine “Bag-i Mazar” located in the Yarkat district of the Samarkand region is associated with the name Shah Nimatullah Wali.
The author of the article collected information about the shrines using the method of “oral history” (“Оral history”). He compared this information with primary sources (vakf document and tombstones of the descendants of Nizam ad-Din Hamush, Shah Nimatullah Wali, shajara (pedigree) descendants of Sufi sheikhs and manuscripts).



Digital reconstruction of Afrosiab's murals in 3D – Samariddin Mustafakulov


The murals depicting ambassadors are a masterpiece of Sogdian art in the collection of the Museum of the History of the City of Samarkand. In 1965, the last century, a major event occurred in the study of the history of the material culture of the peoples of Uzbekistan. In Samarkand, on the site of Afrosiab, archaeologists discovered a palace complex with wall paintings belonging to pre-Arabic time (VII century AD). Polychrome story paintings adorned all four walls of the large square hall of the ruler of Samarkand. This discovery was a sensation in archaeological science and, therefore, immediately attracted the attention of the world community
In 2015, the Afrosiab Museum hosted the presentation of the 3D virtual video format “Wall Murals of Afrosiab”, created by a joint project of Uzbek and Korean scientists, as well as the opening of a video room for watching video films. 
In July 2013, an agreement was signed on a joint project on computer restoration of Afrosiab wall paintings, the creation of a 3D virtual video film between the Afrosiab Museum and the Northeast Asia History Foundation (Republic of Korea).
The project was designed for two years, and was supposed to be completed in 2014. Indeed, the work was completed by the deadline and in December 2014 this project was successfully presented in Seoul. Work on this project was carried out both in Samarkand and in the Republic of Korea. Scientists and specialists from the Institute of Archeology of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan also participated in this project.
The following results were obtained: a two-dimensional digital copy was made with elements of mural reconstruction, a three-dimensional digital multilingual film was made and a room was organized for its display in the Afrosiab Museum, equipment was installed to protect the murals in the exhibition hall, and a wall with a reconstructive copy of the murals of the part of the western wall, where the ambassadors and the inscription are depicted.  
According to the contract, the foundation financed work on the study, photography, computer restoration, transfer to 3D, transfer to electronic media, posting on the Internet, as well as acquiring a piece of equipment for the preservation and promotion of wall painting. A wall painting depicting ambassadors from faraway Korea proves the existence of a Korean state in the 7th century.
A description of this part of the mural is included in school history textbooks and is studied by Korean schoolchildren. Also, a copy of this fresco is placed in a prominent place of the exposition of the National Museum of the Republic of Korea. The ceremony of reception by the rulers of Afrosiab (ancient Samarkand) of ambassadors of various states is recorded here. Among them is Ambassador Joseon (Korea), which indicates that relations between the two nations go back centuries.
The Korean Foundation for the History of Northeast Asia has experience in computer restoration of wall paintings. Creating a virtual video film “Wall Paintings of Afrosiab” in 3D format is a major event in the cultural life not only of Samarkand, but also of the entire republic. This is the result of one of the joint work of Uzbek and Korean scientists. 50 years have passed since the opening of this wall painting, it has already become famous throughout the world. Those scientists who discovered these murals did not even think that they would become so famous. This is really the wealth of the entire civilized world and the cultural heritage of mankind.
This video in Uzbek, Korean, English, French, Russian, Japanese, Chinese and Spanish is shown in the video hall of the Afrosiab Museum. This virtual video is recorded on DVD discs and is distributed in educational institutions, as well as among visitors to our museum.